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    Fencing 101 – The Basics of Fencing

    If you’ve ever been curious about fencing, there are many rules that you should understand. Learn about the types of weapons: Epee, saber, and foil. You’ll also learn about Right-of-Way theory. Eventually, you’ll land a valid hit. Once this happens, the bout will be stopped by the referee.


    Foil fencing is a form of fencing that is characterized by its use of metal as a weapon. Its shape is flat and rectangular and is lightweight, weighing less than a pound. It is one of three weapons used during fencing matches. A skilled foil fencer will be able to use this weapon to defeat an opponent.

    The foil has a blade that is approximately 35 inches long and weighs less than a pound. The tip of the blade is used to score points on the opponent. The tip of the blade must land inside of the opponent’s torso to score a touch.


    Epee fencing dates back to the 1870s, when epee enthusiasts began holding informal poules in their gardens. By 1890, weapons were being awarded as prizes in foil competitions. In 1897, The Fencing Club, based in Maida Vale, London, held a meeting. Attendees included French master Anatole Paroissien, who had moved to England in 1889. Other participants included Alfred Gilbert and Lawrence Alma-Tadema.

    The epee is a sword-like weapon that is similar in size to foil, but has a longer blade and a bigger guard. Its blade is also stiffer, allowing it to hit the entire body. In competitions, epee fencing requires patience, as hits are scored with the blade tip.


    Sabre fencing is a sport where one uses the sword to defend oneself against an opponent. The target area of sabre fencing is the torso above the waist, the arms and the head, excluding the hands. If the sabre is tipped and the fencer touches the target area, the score will be positive. A scoring device, commonly known as a “box,” is used to measure hits. The scoring box contains lights that indicate whether the sabre hit was registered positively or negatively.

    The right of way in sabre fencing is based on the idea that the fencer who has the initiative has the right to go first. When two fencers make contact with each other with the blade, the fencer with the initiative gets the touch. However, it is important to note that the fencer with the initiative must be going forward in order to receive a touch.

    Right-of-Way theory

    If you’re new to fencing, the Right-of-Way theory may be confusing. Even seasoned fencers aren’t always clear on its implications. If you’re starting out in epee, for example, you may only have a cursory understanding of the concept. You might know that one action precedes another, but you may not understand complex phrases like parries or riposts.

    The concept of right of way is a very complicated one, but not as complex as it sounds. There are many different rules for when you can and cannot take an opponent’s action. Most of them are based on the idea of clean action. If your opponent is defending a stance, it’s a good idea to let him parry first before attacking. This will give him the priority he needs.

    Equipment required

    Before beginning the sport of fencing, it is important to acquire the necessary equipment. These include a helmet and a mask, protective gloves, and padding for sensitive areas. There are also several different types of equipment required for fencing, including lame, foil, and sabre. All of these pieces are necessary for competing and practice.

    The first piece of equipment you should purchase is a good fencing mask. Masks get more comfortable with time and are important to your safety. There are several different types of masks, so you can choose one that suits your needs. Another piece of equipment is a plastron. A 350N plastron will do for non-electric fencing, but you will want to purchase an FIE 800N plastron if you’re competing.

    Bout duration

    Bout duration refers to the length of a bout in fencing. A bout may last from eight hits to fifteen and is marked by a one-minute break. A fencer may renew the bout before it ends if he or she has not hit his opponent. A renewal may also include a feint or disengage. Bout duration may be measured in seconds or minutes.

    Bout duration is important because the result of a bout can make a big difference in the outcome of a competition. In a fencing competition, the first fencer to score 15 points wins. Each touch counts as one point. The maximum bout duration is nine minutes. The bout is divided into three periods of three minutes each, interrupted by a one-minute break. If the score is tied at the end of the third round, the fencer with the higher score wins the bout.

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